Acne or pimples are just too much troublesome. These are the results of overworked oil glands. Usually, acne appears during puberty. But many people get acne even in their 30s. Mild or moderate acne can be treated effectively with over the counter medications. These products are medicated but do not require a prescription for purchasing. So, you can easily buy them.
But, before you start using these over the counter (OTC) products to treat your stubborn acne you need to learn about their ingredients because some of them can cause an allergic reaction in you. Redness, itchiness or irritation is quite common. So you need to be careful about using them.
OTC acne medicines work in different ways. Some of the products kill the bacteria which causes inflammation. Some products remove excess oil from the skin to prevent acne. Many products remove dry cells to fight acne. But most of these products are a combination of the first two types. ketoconazole cream for acne is very popular and common over the counter anti-acne product.
Some ingredients of popular OTC acne products are-
It is one of the most used ingredients. It is really effective in treating mild acne or pimples. Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria responsible for acne. It also removes excess oil from the skin and clears clogged pores by removing dead cells. Benzoyl peroxide is available in the Strength 2.5% to 10%. But you need to use it cautiously if goo has sensitive skin.
It is another ingredient that is popular. Ketoconazole cream for acne is often preferred. This synthetic antifungal agent kills the acne-causing fungi and bacteria by entering into their cell. This ingredient makes a hole in the cell membrane of bacteria and makes them lose their essential nutrients for growth. It can treat mild acne in 2 to 4 weeks.
Salicylic acid is another ingredient. It prevents the pores from being clogged. Clogged pores can cause acne. You will find OTC salicylic acid products in the strength of 0.5 to 5 percent.
Sulfur removes excessive oil from the skin and removes the dead skin cells from clogged pores. Sulfur is often combined with other products like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic said for better result. But sulfur may have a foul smell and can make your skin dry.
Alpha hydroxy acids
Two different kinds of alpha hydroxy acids are used in over the counter medicines. These are glycolic acid and lactic acid. These alpha-hydroxy acid are the synthetic counterpart of sugars found in sweet fruits. These two acids remove dead skin and kill inflammation-causing bacteria. They also promote smooth skin cells. This intern reduces scars and makes skin smoother even after acne. Therefore, alpha hydroxy acids are also helpful in treating acne scars.
You can you the over the counter acne treatments with these ingredients. These products are safe in general. But use them according to the instruction for better results. If you have sensitive skin, then try to consult a dermatologist instead of using them.